Thanks to the various Kings, who once ruled some parts of India, the diverse country is clad with mesmerising monuments which travellers must visit to get an idea of how beautiful medieval India was. Among the hundreds of monuments, we have compiled a list of 7 monuments which you must see.
#1 Taj Mahal: The beauty of Taj Mahal, one of the Seven Wonders of the World, needs no introduction. Built between 1632 and 1648, Taj Mahal epitomises not only Muslim, but Persian, Islamic, Turkish, and Indian architectural styles as well. Tourists swarm the world famous epitome of love throughout the year and, you must consider yourself lucky if you are able to spend some moments in silence alone, submerging yourself in the beauty of Taj Mahal.
#2 Mysore Palace: The Mysore Palace, Karnataka is one of the grandest royal buildings in India. Once the throne of the King of Mysore, the palace now reflects the beauty of Indo-Saracenic architecture. Second only to Taj Mahal, Mysore Palace invites around 6 million users annually. Stained glass, mirrors, and ornate colours make the Mysore Palace stand out among other old monuments. To see this grand monument at its best, visit it during a Sunday or on a national holiday when nearly 100,000 bulbs illuminate Mysore Palace.
#3 Khajuraho Group of Temples: With overall 85 temples, Khajuraho boasts of the largest group of Hindu and Jain temples in India. The UNESCO world heritage site consists of intricate carvings, erotic sculptures, and unparalleled architectural brilliance. Rich with history and culture of the Chandela Dynasty, the temples, especially the Kandariya Mahadeva Temple, brilliantly portrays the power of the lost architectural arts of the Chandelas. Khajuraho temples are also a prominent pilgrimage destination, being one of the four holy sites linked to Hindu deity Shiva. In your tour of the Khajuraho temples, indulge yourself in unravelling the mysteries and local legends associated with this place.
#4 Brihadeshwara Temple: Situated in Thanjavur, Tamil Nadu, the Brihadeshwara Temple (also known as Peruvudaiyar Kovil), has one of the tallest towers of India. The Chola-styled temple is an outstanding example of architecture as the thirteen feet high and sixteen feet long statue of Nandi (sacred bull), is carved out of a single rock. Built in the sixteenth century AD, Brihadeshwara Temple became 1000 years old in 2010.
#5 Kumbhalgarh: Built and ruled by Rana Kumbha, Kumbhalgarh is one of the world’s largest complexes. Situated 82 kilometers northwest of Udaipur, Rajasthan, Kumbhalgarh once remained impregnable to direct assault. The 320 temples and seven fortified gateways make the fort culturally and significantly important. Kumbhalgarh fort is also an ideal place to view the golden sand dunes of Thar Desert. As you enter the fort, you must pay a visit to Badal Mahal, the birthplace of the great warrior Maharana Pratap Singh. If you are keen to enjoy the vibrant, fascinating culture of Rajasthan, you can attend the Rajasthan Tourism-organized three-day annual festival which includes eye-catching sound and light shows within the fort.
#6 Ajanta Caves: Approximately 30 rock-cut Buddhist cave monuments are collectively called Ajanta Caves. One of the finest surviving examples of the great ancient Indian art, these caves exhibit expressive paintings which portray emotions through gestures and poses. If you are into meditation and yoga, there is no better place for you in the entire West Indian region than Ajanta Caves. Buddhist monks used the caves for the same purpose as they prayed and meditated in the caves for around nine centuries! The preserved specimen of Buddhist art reflects the Theravada tradition, where Buddha is depicted only in symbolic forms such as throne and footprints.
#7 Chittorgarh: Chittorgarh is the premium example of the exquisite Rajput architectural style. The most fascinating feature of the grand fort, spread in an area of 700 acres, is the 84 water bodies, out of which only 22 still exist. The water bodies stored around 4 billion litres of water, capable of quenching the thirst of 50,000 soldiers for four years! Take part in the celebrations of Teej, Mewar festival, and Gangaur to see the rich culture and traditions of Rajasthan. Partially damaged due to various battles between the Rajputs and Mughals, Chittorgarh is still a place that gives you a deep insight into the brilliant architecture methods possessed by the medieval rulers of India.
The list doesn’t end here as there are numerous other places such as Nalanda, Sun Temple, Golconda Fort, etc which give you a deep insight into the glorious culture, arts, and traditions of medieval India tour